The Travelogue

Photo credit: Ayesha Islam

Photo credit: Ayesha Islam

Cities were first described in travelogues. Accounts of journeys were recorded as early as the 2nd century, when Pausanias, a native of the ancient city of Lydia undertook an expedition of Greece.

Several travel accounts or  “Rihla” which is Arabic for “Journey” were undertaken by prominent Muslim geographers and writers. The most important among them being Abu Jubayr and Ibn Battuta.

Photo credit: Ayesha Islam

Photo credit: Ayesha Islam

Abu Jubayr was a resident of Granada who accompanied the Muslim army of the Caliphate of Damascus to quell a Berber uprising in the area. He undertook a pilgrimage to Mecca which he chronicled in his “Rihla”, one the earliest pieces of travel writing available. Abu Jubayr’s journey takes him through Saladin’s Ayubbid kingdom which at the height of its power, included Egypt, Syria, Iraq, parts of Turkey and Iran, Kuwait, western Saudi Arabia, Yemen and parts of North Africa.

Ibn Battuta, often said to be one of the greatest travelers ever,  whose life and journey is chronicled in our local Ibn Battuta Mall, undertook a journey that spanned 30 years. He journeyed from Morocco, across Northern Africa into Somalia, stopped at Mecca for a while, and continued into Persia, India and China.

Consequently, travel writing became increasing linked to pleasure trips, the earliest account being Italian poet Petrarch’s account of his climb of Mount Ventoux.

John Eade, in his book, “Placing London: From Imperial Capital to Global City” often likens the traveler to an explorer, who has to “construct a narrative that will make this strange place familiar to the reader”. Travel writing allowed the reader to form impressions of a place, without ever leaving home. As travel became more and more affordable, the “guide book” became more popular. The birth of the tourism “industry”  warranted investment in a plethora of literature that allows the visitor to feel like he’s undertaking a journey unlike any other, much like the explorers of the past!

How travel has changed!

Photo credit: Ayesha Islam

Photo credit: Ayesha Islam

Once thought to be an adventurous undertaking, today the travel experience comes in a customized, carefully crafted, time bound, plug and play box which requires no effort, no research and no surprises.  In an increasingly globalized world, our conversations while on holiday  with “local” people might be restricted to hotel staff and tour guides who might be foreign themselves. We stay in hotels that make us feel “at home”, eat food which aren’t too unfamiliar to our own, and check off  “must see” sights which could include well rehearsed cultural programmes which give us just the right dose “of the local experience”.

To counter this growing commodification of the travel experience is the urban “drift” or “derive”. It is possible to experience uniqueness even in the most familiar neighbourhoods. Click here for a primer.


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